UPSC IAS/ IPS Prelims (CSAT) Topic-wise Solved Papers 2 (mental ability,logical reasoning, problem solving)

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In this we mention about UPSC IAS/ IPS Prelims (CSAT) Topic-wise Solved Papers 2 (mental ability, logical reasoning, problem solving) for better preparation of all the student.


What is UPSC?

The Full form of UPSC is Union Public Service Commission. One of the most competitive and prestigious exams, civil services, is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), India’s major regulating body. UPSC also conducts several competitive exams to fill in various civil service vacancies for the government of India. The UPSC conducts the Civil Services Examination (CSE), popularly known as IAS (Indian Administrative Service) exam. It is conducted in two phases namely- UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains. The prelims exam comprises objective-type questions, while the questions asked in the mains need descriptive and essay-type answering. The UPSC is responsible for conducting various examinations for the post like IAS, IPS, IFS, etc.

IAS Exam Pattern for Personality Test

  1. All candidates who secured the cut-off marks of the Mains examination will proceed toward the Personality Test.
  2. This would include the Psychometric Test, Assessment Test as well as Personal Interview.
  3. The objective of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a Board of competent and unbiased observers. The candidate will be asked questions on matters of general interest.
  4. The test is intended to judge the mental caliber of a candidate.
  5. In broad terms, this is an assessment of not only the candidate’s intellectual qualities but also his social traits and his interest in current affairs.

UPSC Exam Pattern 2022 For Prelims, Mains & Interview

UPSC Exam Pattern 2021 consisted of three stages- Prelims, Mains, and Interview. The same is expected for UPSC Exam Pattern 2022. UPSC Exam, also known as IAS Exam, is conducted by the Union

Public Service Commission (UPSC) to recruit suitable candidates for IAS, IPS, IFS, and other allied services. UPSC Civil Services Exam is conducted to assess the overall capabilities of candidates. This article details the UPSC Exam Pattern for prelims, mains, and interviews. It is crucial to have a comprehensive understanding of the UPSC Exam Pattern. It will allow you to effectively manage your time thereby making your UPSC preparation more efficient. It is also important to have a deep understanding of the IAS exam pattern to align your preparation with all the exam needs. Broadly, UPSC conducts the Civil Service Examination in three phases namely: Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Personality Test (Interview).

Candidates who qualify for all the rounds are recommended for joining the civil services in India. Each round is an elimination round, so you need to qualify each one to appear for the next one. Now, let us discuss the UPSC Exam Pattern 2022 along with the marking scheme for each of the papers in different rounds.

UPSC Exam Pattern 2022 For IAS Main Examination

The UPSC Exam Pattern for the Mains Exam is tabulated below. The IAS Mains Exam consists of two types of papers viz qualifying and merit-ranking. Paper A and Paper B namely the Language paper and English paper will be qualifying in nature. The marks obtained in these papers will not be added to marks that may determine your rank. All the other papers will be evaluated for merit purposes.


General category people can attempt max 6 times, OBC category people can attempt max 9 times, SC/ST category no limit to attempt, physically handicapped (both General and OBC category) can attempt 9 times, SC/ST physically handicapped can attempt any no of times.


The UPSC optional subjects play a very important role in the UPSC CS Main Examination. It consists of a total of 500 marks out of a total of 2025 marks. If you choose wisely, then these 500 marks can make a great difference in the final total marks. The definition of the best UPSC optional subject from the list of UPSC optional subjects can vary from one candidate to another based on his educational background. Most students commit the mistake of choosing optional subjects for UPSC based on toppers’ scores in that subject, or because of other factors like popularity, availability of study groups, etc.


The following UPSC Optional subjects are popular among IAS aspirants from both technical and non-technical because of the high overlap with GS or other parts of the UPSC exam:

  1. Public Administration – Highly relevant, compact syllabus, paper II (Indian Administration) has a lot of overlap with the polity and governance part in GS II.
  2. Sociology – the study of society, lots of material which can be used in GS I, Essay, and even in Ethics paper.
  3. History – relevant for prelims as well as GS I.
  4. Geography -relevant for prelims as well as GS I
  5. Political Science – relevant for prelims as well as GS II
  6. Law – relevant for prelims as well as GS II



Abilities as measured by tests of an individual in areas of spatial visualization, perceptual speed, number facility, verbal comprehension, word fluency, memory, inductive reasoning, and so forth, depending on the theory or test.


Problem Solving Reasoning is a logical reasoning part where candidates will be given various questions and they need to perform various operations such as addition, division, greater than, lesser than, etc are interchanged or substituted to find the correct answer. Almost all the government examinations ask questions in the problem-solving reasoning section. Topics included in this section are Inequality, Analogy, Series, Puzzle, and so on. In this article, we are going to cover the key concepts of Problem Solving Reasoning along with the various types of it, solved examples, practice questions, and the tips and tricks to solve the questions related to problem-solving reasoning.

Candidates who are preparing for the upcoming competitive exams can find all topics, tips, and some sample questions related to Logical reasoning in this article. Aptitude exams are an inseparable part of all the entrance exams of the public sector in India. The aptitude exams in India have mainly two sections:

  1. Quantitative Aptitude
  2. Logical Reasoning

What is Logical Reasoning?

Logical reasoning consists of aptitude questions that require a logical level of analysis to arrive at the correct solution. Most of the questions are constructed based on concepts and the rest are out-of-the-box thinking ones.


  1. Verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in words. Verbal reasoning tests the ability to extract information and implications in a sentence.
  2. Non-verbal Reasoning: It is the ability to logically understand the concepts and solve problems expressed in numbers/letters/figures in combination with words. Non-verbal reasoning tests the ability of deduction and induction of logic of information and implications in a problem.


  1. Read and understand the information carefully.
  2. Analyze critical logical information.
  3. Think of all the possible solutions.
  4. Compare the answer obtained with other possibilities.
  5. Come to a correct logical conclusion.


  1. Alphanumeric series
  2. Reasoning Analogies
  3. Artificial Language
  4. Blood Relations
  5. Calendars
  6. Cause and Effect
  7. Clocks
  8. Coding-Decoding
  9. Critical path
  10. Cubes and cuboids
  11. Data Sufficiency
  12. Decision Making
  13. Deductive Reasoning/Statement Analysis
  14. Dices
  15. Directions
  16. Embedded Images
  17. Figure Matrix
  18. Input-Output
  19. Mirror and Water Images
  20. Odd One Out
  21. Picture Series and Sequences
  22. Paper Folding
  23. Puzzles
  24. Pattern Series and Sequences
  25. Order & Ranking
  26. Seating Arrangements
  27. Shape Construction
  28. Statement and Assumptions
  29. Statement and Conclusions
  30. Syllogism
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UPSC IAS IPS Prelims (CSAT) Topic-wise Solved Papers 2 (mental ability,logical reasoning, problem solving)

UPSC IAS/ IPS Prelims (CSAT) Topic-wise Solved Papers 2 (mental ability,logical reasoning, problem solving)

350.00500.00 (-30%)

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