PLutus IAS History For UPSC and IAS Exam Book
In this we discuss about the History of india for upsc, indian national movement upsc. In this mention all about world History of India for UPSC preparation in 2022.
HISTORY OF INDIA FOR UPSC |INDIAN NATIONAL MOVEMENT UPSC
History is one of the vast topics to cover while preparing for competitive exams. As a lengthy subject, it often frightens many of us but when explored interestingly, it can be easy to remember and understand. For upcoming government exams, covering the vast Indian history, you will surely come across the topic of the Indian National Movement which encompasses a crucial phase of our freedom struggle. Acing this topic will help you fetch those extra-edge marks and qualify for the exam with flying colors. Here is a blog comprising of different Indian Revolutions as well as their essential features to help you remember this topic for your chosen competitive exam.
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THE TOPIC OF THE HISTORY OF INDIA FOR UPSC
Indian National Movement 1885 to 1947
Understing the history of India and the Indian national movement is crucial. It is the gateway to learning about different influences on our history, architecture, and acing exams like UPSC. Here are the important events during the entire fight for the Independence of India:
- Revolt of 1857: The Revolt of 1857 was the first-ever war for Indian Independence. It started on May 10, 1857, at Meerut. It was the first large-scale rebellion against the East India Company. The Revolt was unsuccessful but it made a major impact on the public and stirred the entire Independence Movement in India. Mangal Pandey was one of the major parts of the revolution as he declared rebellion against his commanders and fired the first shot on the British officer.
- Swadeshi Boycott Movement: At the beginning of the 20th century, the Britishers announced the partition of Bengal with a motive to weaken the unity of nationalists. Amongst the prime Indian national movements, the Swadeshi Boycott Movement surfaced in the year 1903 as a reaction against the partition of Bengal but was formally announced in July 1905 and fully came into force from October 1905.
- Home Rule League Movement: To convey and propagate the feeling of self-governance to the common man, this Indian National movement was carried out in India as it simultaneously happened in Ireland. Majorly, the below-mentioned leagues pivotally contributed to the group of the Home Rule League Movement using newspapers, posters, pamphlets, etc.
- v Satyagrah : The first Satyagraha Movement was led by Mahatma Gandhi in the Champaran District of Bihar in the year 1917. Champaran district had tens of thousands of landless serfs. One of the suppressed Indigo cultivators, Pandit Raj Kumar Shukla persuaded Gandhi to lead this movement. This led to other Satyagraha Movements.
- Khilafat Non-Cooperation Movement: The Non-Cooperation Movement was one of the most famous and crucial phases in the Indian freedom struggle against the Britishers. Ill-treatment of the Khalifa, the spiritual leader of the Muslims by the Britishers agitated the entire Muslim community in India and around the world. Deteriorating economic conditions in the country along with the major incidents like Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, Rowlatt Act, etc were the main reasons behind how it emerged to be a pivotal Indian national movement.
- First Civil Disobedience Movement: The Civil Disobedience Movement was launched along with the Dandi March by Mahatma Gandhi on 12th March 1930. Ultimately, it ended on April 6 when Gandhi broke the Salt Law at Dandi. Afterward, the movement was proceeded by C.Raja Gopalachari. Mass participation of women, peasants, and merchants happened and was succeeded by salt satyagraha, no-tex movement, and no-rent movement as this Indian national movement spread across the country. Later on, it got withdrawn in March 1931 because of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact.
- Second Civil Disobedience Movement: The failed treaty of the second roundtable conference led to the start of the second Civil Disobedience Movement stretching from December 1931 to April 1934. This led to varied practices like protests in front of liquor stores, salt satyagraha, and Quit India Movement .The failure of the Cripps proposal become the awakening call for the Indians The discontent of the general public with hardships brought by the world war. Forest law violations happened. But the British Government was aware of the upcoming incidents, thus, it imposed martial law with a ban on gatherings outside Gandhi’s Ashrams.
- Indian National Congress : The Indian National Congress was founded on 28 December 1885. It was founded in the premises of Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit School at Bombay. Presided by W.C. Banerjee, it was attended by 72 delegates. A.O. Hume played an important role in the foundation of INC.
- Muslim League :The Muslim League was founded in 1906 by Agah Khan III and Mohshin Mulk in 1906. It was formed to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims.
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